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Crosley Field *
Former home of the
Cincinnati Reds (1912-1970)




Crosley Field
Key

DYNAMIC DIAGRAM:
Mouse rollover.



* known as "Redland Field (1912-1933)



** and N.N.L. Cuban Stars (1921), N.A.L. Cincinnati Tigers (1937), and N.A.L. Cincinnati Clowns (1942-1945)

Vital statistics:
Lifetime Capacity Outfield dimensions (feet) Behind home plate Fence height
L - C - R
The Clem Criteria:
Built Demo-
lished
LF LC CF RC RF Field
asymm.
Arch.
design
Seat
prox.
Loc. Aesth. Overall
1912 1972* 29,603 328 378 387 360 366 66 # 18-23-10 7 6 6 4 6 5.8

* Two years of "limbo" after the Reds moved out in June 1970.
# Most sources indicate 78 feet, but extra rows of seats were added in the late 1940s or early 1950s.

ALL STAR GAMES: 1938, 1953 LIGHTS: 1935

WORLD SERIES: 1919, 1939, 1940, 1961

Crosley Field was a cozy little ballpark with a number of quaint and amusing features. It was most famed for the outfield slope that served the purpose of a warning track, but often gave visiting team left fielders the fits. Babe Ruth once tripped out there during his final season, and expressed his disgust. (This was the inspiration for the slope in center field at Minute Maid Park.) In 1935 that slope was extended along the center field fence all the way to the right field corner. Crosley Field stood out from all the rest in two other ways: it was the first major league ballpark to install lights for night games; this was done in 1935. On the other hand, it was the last of the classical era ballparks (early 20th Century) in which the upper deck was extended from the infield down to the foul lines; this was done in 1938.

thumbnail Thanks to the latest edition of Green Cathedrals, we have better data on the field dimensions at Crosley Field over the years. My estimate of the right field line in 1912 is about 390 feet, ten feet less than in the book, and the backstop was probably about 45 feet, not 38. Home plate was moved forward by about twenty feet in both 1927 and in 1938, and the diamond was rotated about three degrees in a clockwise direction in 1927. Until 1938, the right field foul pole was either right at or very close to the corner of the huge wall separating the bleachers from the grandstand. These changes reduced the distance to center field from 420 feet to 387 feet, the shortest in the majors other than Ebbets Field in its latter years. (The slight shift to the right in home plate resulted in an imbalance in foul territory on the two sides, like at Forbes Field.) There are a few other inconsistencies in outfield dimensions. As far as I can tell, from 1938 on, it was 387 feet to straightaway center field, and 390 feet to the far corner of the bleachers. The flagpole used to be in that corner, which happened to be the object of many controversial calls by the umpire, because balls hitting the wall to the right of the vertical line painted from where the bleachers intersected with the center field wall were declared home runs. A similar situation exists in center field at Fenway Park, and sometimes you just can't be sure. From 1942 to mid-1950, and from 1953 to 1957, the right field fence at Crosley Field was brought in by 24 feet, creating a small picnic area in front of the bleachers.

Located in a warehouse district not far from the river, Crosley Field suffered devastating floods in 1913, just a year after it was built, and in January 1937. On the latter occasion, the flood waters rose 21 feet above the field, and it was a miracle that they were able to get the place ready to play ball in time for spring.

After the outfield distances were reduced in 1938, Crosley Field became a hitter's park, except for lefties, who had to deal with a long 366-foot right field foul line. There was a 14-foot high wall in center field, plus four or so feet of slope, but these were not enough of a barrier to to stop home runs from landing on Western Avenue, which lay immediately behind that wall. In fact, once a home run landed in the back of a pickup truck passing by, and the ball was not found until the truck had driven many miles away! When construction began on Interstate 75 (which runs alongside Western Avenue) in 1963, they added an extra ten feet of plywood fence in hopes of reducing the number of home runs and avoiding massive traffic accidents there. At some time in the 1940s or early 1950s, extra seats were added in back of home plate, creating a straight line backstop rather than a curved arc. That reduced the backstop distance from 78 feet to 66 feet, I believe. <<<<<<<< 1958 scoreboard >>>>>>>>> In 1959, high-power fans were installed to keep fans cool, and 738 box seats were added along the foul lines. In 1965, a glass backstop was installed, improving visibility for box seat patrons, but making it harder to hear the action.

For most of their history the Cincinnati Reds were a second-tier team, winning the World Series only in 1919 (against the Chicago "Black Sox" who threw the Series for bribes) and in 1940. To handle to big crowds, in October 1919 they built temporary bleachers over York Street behind the left field wall, and in October 1940 they added a small bleacher section on the slope in the left field corner, shown in the 1938 diagram above. In the 1960s, the Reds finally became a regular strong contender, helped by the batting and fielding excellence of Pete Rose and Johnny Bench. If the Reds had not traded Hall-of-Fame slugger Frank Robinson (the new manager of the Montreal Expos) to the Orioles, they might have won the World Series even earlier than they actually did. Not until they finally abandoned old run-down Crosley Field in 1970 did the "Big Red Machine" really get going.

The Beatles played at Crosley Field on August 20, 1966, and box seat tickets for the event cost only $5.50! The site of Crosley Field is just west of Interstate 75, between York Street, Western Avenue, and Findlay Street. The address of Phillips Supply Company is "One Crosley Field Drive," or 1230 Findlay St.

SOURCES: Lowry (2006), Pastier (2006), Selter (2009), Rosen (2001), Ritter (1992), Gershman (1993), Ward and Burns (1994)

LINKS: crosley-field.com, ballparksofbaseball.com


This office building (currently occupied by Custom Editorial Productions) occupies the land on which Crosley Field once stood -- more precisely, the grandstand near first base. Dalton Avenue, visible here, runs between where the diamond used to be and right field. Note the old brick warehouse in the background, currently owned by the Wegman Company. In old photos of Crosley Field, you will see the very same building beyond center field; in the 1960s that warehouse was occupied by Merchants Paper Co. (August 15, 2009)


Vox populi: Fans' impressions

Have you been to this stadium? If so, feel free to share your impressions of it with other fans! (Registration is required.) Also, I welcome submissions of original stadium photos that fans have taken, and will make sure they get properly credited. Just send me an e-mail message via the Contact page.


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