Clem's Baseball home

Jack Murphy Stadium*
Former home of the
San Diego Padres
(1969-2003)



Jack Murphy Stadium
Key

DYNAMIC DIAGRAM: Roll over the years listed below.

(1969)

(1984)

(1998) ~ (full view)

(combined)

(football) ~ (my proposal)




 
* a.k.a. "San Diego Stadium" (1967-1980), "San Diego-Jack Murphy Stadium" (1981-1996), "QualComm Stadium" (1997-)


Vital statistics:
Lifetime Seating capacity Seating rows
(typical)
Overhang / shade % Territory
(1,000 sq. ft.)
Fence height  CF
orien- tation
Back-stop Outfield dimensions The Clem Criteria:
Built Status 1st deck 2nd deck Upper deck Lower deck Upper deck Fair Foul LF CF RF Left
field
Left-center Center field Right-center Right field Field
asym- metry
Arch.
design
Seat
prox- imity
Loc- ation Aesth- etics Over- all
1967 * NFL only 67,544 (71,000 FB) (37) 15 17 15% 0% 106.1 31.9 8 8 18 N 55 327 370 405 368 330 3 5 5 4 6 4.6

NOTES: * The Padres arrived two years after it was built. Figure in parentheses is estimated actual backstop distance.

ALL STAR GAMES: 1978, 1992 WORLD SERIES: 1984, 1998

SUPER BOWLS: 1988, 1998, 2003

Of the four new major league baseball franchises that were created in 1969, the San Diego Padres were the only one with a new (or nearly new) stadium. Their home, San Diego Stadium (as it was originally known), was the first of two "octorad"-design stadiums -- the other being Veterans Stadium in Philadelphia. This configuration, which combines features of a circle and an octagon, was an attempt to make a more efficient baseball-to-football switch compared to the circular "hybrid" stadiums which were pioneered earlier in the 1960s. In both cases, however, the results were unsatisfactory. The upper deck was much smaller than the "Vet," however. The only other stadium in the general class of "cookie-cutter""cookie-cutter" / "doughnuts" with such a small upper deck was Oakland Coliseum.

When it first opened, this was a difficult place in which to hit a home run, with a distance of 420 feet to center field and an 18-foot high wall around the entire outfield. In 1973 a line was painted on this wall nine feet above the ground, and balls hitting the wall above the line were counted as home runs -- hardly an ideal solution. That same year a 10-foot high wooden fence was put up in center field, 410 feet from home plate, but it was removed after 1975. In 1982 an 8-foot fence was built a few feet in front of the wall around the entire outfield, and a row of potted palm trees was placed in the small gap, a nice bit of tropical scenery. The fact that the field consists of genuine Bermuda grass, and the lack of rainfall made this a pleasant venue for baseball, even if many of the seats are so far from the diamond, and pointed the wrong way. Another negative factor is the remote location of this stadium, about 15 miles north of downtown San Diego. It was built in what had been a marshy river valley -- not very friendly to the environment. The bullpens are located in foul territory at the right and left field corners, just like at Three Rivers Stadium. Intriguingly, the back ends of the bullpens, which are in play, cannot be seen from the infield, so umpires have to scramble to get a view whenever long foul balls are hit into the corners. Another unique feature was that the dugouts were beneath the first couple rows of box seats. According to Lowry (2006), the distance behind home plate was originally 80 feet, and was reduced to 75 feet in 1982. After a lot of study, I've decided that that is utterly impossible, given the stadium's geometry. My estimate is that the backstop was about 55 feet in back of home plate. It was reduced even further in recent years when new box seats were installed (not shown in diagram).

thumbnail Originally, "San Diego Stadium" was very pleasing in appearance, with great background scenery and a large grass slope beyond right field. For a while they put temporary bleachers there, when needed, and then permanent seats with a concrete foundation. In 1981 the name was changed to "San Diego/Jack Murphy Stadium" in honor of the sports editor who had played a lead role in bringing professional football and baseball to San Diego. In 1984 the second deck and mezzanine level were extended by about eighty feet, wrapping around the center field and right field "corners," and the seating section in right field was greatly expanded. This raised the total capacity for baseball games to nearly 59,000. The stadium was enlarged once again in 1998 by further extending the upper two decks on the right field side, leaving just a small gap that framed the scoreboard. The lights that had originally extended beyond either edge of the scoreboard had to be removed at this time. At about the same time, the stadium was renamed "QualComm Stadium" in exchange for monetary consideration from the software company that makes the "Eudora" e-mail program. The new sections of the upper deck had several more rows than the older sections, and did not have lighting towers above them. Because of sparse crowds, in recent years all of the upper deck sections (except for the corner behind the diamond) were closed off to baseball spectators, reducing the official capacity was just under 49,000. In 2003 all the seats were opened, and capacity in the stadium's final year was over 66,000, the biggest in the major leagues. In 2000 or so a new scoreboard was added in the right field wall, and the inner fence on that side was removed, increasing the distance by three feet.

Though this stadium has been expanded and renamed over the years, until 2004 it was the only home the Padres ever had! San Diego was the only pre-1990s team that could make such a claim, and they were the first of three expansion franchises to enjoy a new (or almost new) home stadium in their inaugural year. (The others were the Mariners and the Diamondbacks.) The Padres have made it to the World Series only twice: in 1984 (losing to the Detroit Tigers) and in 1998 (losing to the Yankees scorewise, but beating them in attendance). During the 1984 postseason the grass in left field died because the field had been covered for several days when football games were being played. At some point in the early 2000s, the Padres added a couple rows of box seats directly behind home plate, shown in the "simplified" 1998 version diagram above.

Without a doubt, Tony Gwynn is the best player in the Padres' history, and it was fitting that this inspiring and gracious sportsman appeared in the World Series just before he retired. In 2007 he was admitted to the Baseball Hall of Fame, along with Cal Ripken. Two of the classiest guys who ever wore a baseball uniform.

Construction on the Padres' new home in downtown San Diego began in 2000, but prolonged squabbling over public financing caused a year-long delay. As PETCO Park finally neared completion, the Padres played their very last game in their original home in September 2003.

The San Diego Chargers began playing football here in 1967, two years before the Padres franchise was created. The original capacity for football games was 54,000. As a result of the 1997 expansion, the football capacity was raised to 71,000. However, the sight lines from the first several rows along the gridiron are so bad for football games (too low), that those sections were closed for the 2003 Super Bowl. Another annoyance is that since the Padres departed, they have added more seats at the corners of the gridiron, but they are angled in such a way that anyone sitting there would have to look straight to the right or left to see a touchdown play! It's an inherent defect of "octorad" stadiums, like Veteran's Stadium. The Chargers will continue to play in QualComm Stadium for the forseeable future, while the team and local government officials negotiate over terms of a possible new stadium. Relocation of the team to Los Angeles, their original home, is among the possibilities that have been mentioned.

Another possibility that should be considered, I think, is rebuilding portions of the lower deck of "QualComm" Stadium and lowering the playing field by a few feet, so as to create better sight lines for football fans. With that in mind, I came up with the suggested alternative football design, as shown above. It would involve removing four sections of the lower deck in all four corners, and building new sections that maintain the same gradual curve as the rest of the lower deck, so that fans in the far ends are looking toward the near end zone, not away from it, as is the case at present. On the concourse level of the empty space in those corners there would open patio areas with tables for eating. Also, the eight rear rows of the lower deck would be replaced by a new luxury suite level. The football gridiron would be moved about 20 feet, so that the 50-yard line would be at the center of the stadium. Finally, there would be small bleacher sections near each end zone, placed near ground level so as not to obstruct the view of fans in the far ends of the new extended portions of the lower deck. With the comparatively modest scale of this suggested renovation, the cost would probably be less than $50 million -- a lot cheaper than building a brand new football stadium.

QualComm Stadium has been the home of the San Diego State University Aztecs football team since 1967. It has also hosted the Holiday Bowl since 1978, and the Poinsettia Bowl since 2005.

SOURCES: Lowry (1992, 2006), Pastier (2007), USA Today / Fodor's (1996), Rosen (2001)

FAN TIPS: Ed Early


CLICK on the camera icons (camera) below to see each photo, one by one.

camera #1 Steve Garvey in the outfield, with the grandstand in the right field corner in the background, 1985. (Courtesy of Marc Myers)

camera #2 Infield as seen from left field foul pole; chicken mascot entertains kids, 1984. (Courtesy of Marc Myers)

camera #3 Bruce Bochy with a young fan in the infield, 1984. (Courtesy of Marc Myers)


camera #4 Exterior view from a nearby highway. (Courtesy of Marc Chavez)

camera #5 Broad view of the field, during a San Diego Chargers football game. (Courtesy of Marc Chavez)

camera #6 The scoreboard, showing the profile of the grandstand; compare to Photo #1. (Courtesy of Marc Chavez)



Vox populi: Fans' impressions

Have you been to this stadium? If so, feel free to share your impressions of it with other fans! (Registration is required.) Also, I welcome submissions of original stadium photos that fans have taken, and will make sure they get properly credited. Just send me an e-mail message via the Contact page.


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