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Wrigley Field*
Home of the
Chicago Cubs

Wrigley Field

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1914 1923 1928 1932 (October) 1938 football (1955) 1979 2006 2015 upper deck lower deck       hockey 2009       football 2010
Key to diagrams

* known as "Weeghman Park" (1914-1915), and "Cubs Park" (1916-1925)
** and home of the Chicago Whales (1914-1915)
Vital statistics:
Lifetime Seating capacity Seating rows
Overhang / shade % Territory
(1,000 sq. ft.)
Fence height  CF
orien- tation
Back-stop Outfield dimensions The Clem Criteria:
Built Status Lower deck Mezz. Upper deck Lower deck Upper deck Fair Foul LF CF RF Left
Left-center Center field Right-center Right field Field
asym- metry
prox- imity
Loc- ation Aesth- etics Over- all
1914* GOOD 40,929** 56 2 21 55% 100% 107.8 18.6 16 11 16 NE * 55 355 (352) (395) 368 353 5 7 9 9 9 7.8

* The Cubs began playing here in 1916, two years after it was built.
(Numbers in parentheses are estimated actual distances, which are marked at non-standard locations.)
** The capacity of 40,929 probably does not include the expanded bleacher seating. It is actually closer to 42,000.

ALL STAR GAMES: 1947, 1962, 1990 WORLD SERIES: 1918, 1929, 1932, 1935, 1938, 1945, and wait till next year ! LIGHTS: 1988

BEEN THERE, DONE THAT: Cubs-Pirates game in 1963, visits in 1998 and 2008, and a Cubs-Marlins game on July 19, 2012.

With its ivy-covered brick walls, the "Friendly Confines" of Chicago's North Side are one of the last vestiges of the authentic experience of urban neighborhood baseball. Indeed, the folks who live across Waveland Avenue and Sheffield Street can see games for free, and one can spot distance markers on some of their buildings. This stadium was originally built for another team, the Chicago Whales of the Federal League, which opened for business in 1914 but shut down after two years. The Cubs were then bought by the Whales' owner and moved into "Weeghman Park" (the original name), which was thereafter called Cubs Park, and in 1926 renamed in honor of the new owner William Wrigley. Another bit of little-known trivia is that for several decades there was another Wrigley Field, in Los Angeles! The Angels played there in 1961.

thumbnail The ballpark that was most similar to Wrigley Field was Crosley Field, where the grandstand was likewise curved behind home plate, with the upper decks set back a fair distance from the field, and with no upper decks extending into the outfield. The original stadium was single-decked, with 14,000 seats. In 1923 the entire third base side and middle (vertex) portions of the grandstand were moved back about 60 feet; that must have been quite an operation!) According to Hartel (1994), the first base side of the grandstand was left in place. After lengthy study and repeated attempts to reconcile the outfield dimension data with such a position, however, I have concluded that the first base side of the grandstand must have been pivoted at the southeast corner and rotated a few degrees. These changes gave the stadium a slightly asymmetric form, creating the odd angle that creases the visitors' dugout. In addition, the field was lowered three feet in order to create more space for additional seats and the diamond was rotated a few degrees counter-clockwise. Four years later (in 1927) bleachers were removed from left field and a second deck was added to the left side of the stadium. At some point in the mid-twenties, no later than 1925, a large scoreboard was added in center field. In 1928 the second deck was completed on the right side, bringing the total capacity up to 40,000. For the 1929, 1932, and 1935 World Series, extra temporary bleacher sections extending over the street were added in right and left field.

Wrigley Field assumed its more-or-less final form in 1938, as the exquisite tapered bleachers with the ivy-covered walls were added, along with the trademark scoreboard that towers above center field at the corner of Waveland and Sheffield. That scoreboard still operates manually, just as it did in 1938. The 400 foot "center field" marker is aligned with the scoreboard, and is about 25 feet right of dead center field, which is actually about 395 feet from home plate. In addition, the far end of the left field lower deck was rebuilt about that time, so that the seats out there pointed toward the infield rather than toward center field. The same modification was made to the far end of the right field lower deck several years later. (The "1938" diagram above actually represents the early 1950s.) For many years there was a triangular gap between the upper and lower sections of the lower deck in the right field corner, apparently an entryway for vehicles.

Even though the distances to the right and left field corners are above average, Wrigley's peculiar bleacher configuration makes for rather short distances in the power alleys. Depending on the wind (which can blow hard either in from Lake Michigan or out toward it), this can be a very friendly place for power hitters such as Sammy Sosa, who sadly fell out of favor with Chicago fans during the 2004 season and got traded to Baltimore. Wrigley Field's only real "shortcoming" (from my point of view) is the fact that the field layout is rather symmetrical, at least in terms of the marked distances. In contrast, foul territory is quite asymmetrical, with more room on the first base side than on the third base side.

CINEMA: Parts of Angels in the Outfield (the 1951 original version) were filmed in Wrigley Field, as was a scene from the movie A League of Their Own (1992). Film clips from real football games were used in Brian's Song (1971). Wrigley Field also appeared in It Happens Every Spring, The Blues Brothers, Rookie of the Year, Mr. 3000, The Babe, Ferris Bueller's Day Off, and one episode of NBC's drama ER.

The Cubs being steeped in ancient tradition, there were no night games at Wrigley Field until August 1988. Lights had originally been planned for the 1942 season, but then Pearl Harbor changed everything. Opposition from neighborhood residents played a part in delaying the advent of night games, but the Iron Law of economic necessity could not be ignored forever. In 1989 a small mezzanine section with private boxes for wealthy patrons was added. One of the Cubs' latter-day hallowed traditions was broadcaster Harry Caray, known for his huge eyeglasses and big voice. He died in 1998, and the whole city mourned... One small blemish in this fine ballpark is that the exterior of the grandstand along the left and right sides looks a little worn, with rust on the screens and structural beams.

Prior to the 2004 season, three rows of box seats were added between the dugouts, and in 2005 a few rows of seats were added between the visitor's dugout (first base side) and the bullpen. Prior to the 2006 season, the Cubs completely rebuilt and expanded the bleachers, raising the seating capacity by nearly two thousand. This annoyed the neighborhood fans ("freeloaders"?) who over the years got carried away building permanent rooftop bleacher sections across the street. This took to an extreme degree what penny-pinching fans did at Shibe Park in the 1930s, and the Cubs tried to negotiate a deal to at least recoup some of the lost revenue. The expanded bleachers hung over the adjoining sidewalks, like the temporary bleachers built during the World Series of 1929, 1932, and 1935.

But wait, there was more! Further enhancements have been made in the past couple years, including a new video board that was installed above the wall in the right field corner prior to the 2012 season. In addition, the seating rows in that corner were replaced by a new terraced dining section. But the biggest change took place in 2015, with another complete overhaul of the bleachers and a second, even bigger video board in left center field. The bleachers in the "power alleys" now have twenty rows rather than sixteen rows, as was the case from 2006 until 2014. Besides diminishing the historic character of "The Friendly Confines," the view from the rooftops across Waveland and Sheffield is now severely obstructed, sparking another round of legal disputes. Construction of this latest renovation was finished in June 2015. Within another year or two, the bullpens are expected to be moved under the bleachers in the right and left field corners. In any case, the civic love affair between the Cubs and Chicago lives on, as everyone agrees on the inestimable value of this shrine to the National Pastime. The Cubs' wise choise in preserving Wrigley Field may have influenced the Boston Red Sox to follow suit in preserving Fenway Park, but the teams in New York did not follow suit.

For some odd reason, the Chicago Bears played their home games at Wrigley Field for several decades, even though the much-bigger and more appropriate Soldier Field was available downtown. The Bears finally moved there in 1971. The football gridiron just barely fit Wrigley Field, and one corner of the end zone actually extended into the visitor's (right side) dugout!

SOURCES: Spink (1947); Kahn (1954); Lowry (1992); Gershman (1993); USA Today / Fodor's (1996); Ronald M. Selter, Ballparks of the Deadball Era (2008); William Hartel, A Day at the Park: In Celebration of Wrigley Field (foreword by George Will), Sagamore Publishers, 1994.

WEB LINK: Bleed Cubbie Blue, Dan O'Brien's photo blog

FAN TIPS: Jonathan Dobson

RESEARCH ASSISTANCE: Bruce Orser (Special thanks!)

Click on the section headings hand point down below to display (OR to hide) the respective menu of photos, and then click on the camera icons (camera) to see the photos, one by one.
Also see panoramic photos, below.

Wrigley Field grand view

hand point down Photos #1 - 7 : 2012

camera #1 Grand view, from upper deck behind home plate.

camera #2 View from upper deck, third base side (far).

camera #3 View from upper deck, first base side (close).

camera #4 The famous bleachers and ivy-covered walls.

camera #5 The press box and luxury suites, seen from below.

camera #6 The main concourse.

camera #7 The ground crew cleans home plate after the game.

(Above photos taken on July 19, 2012.)

hand point down Photos #8 - 15 : 2008, etc.

hand point down Photos # 16 - 20 :
courtesy of John Minor.

(Back up to regular photoshand point up )

Panoramic views

camera #21 Panoramic view of the southwest side.

camera #22 (Obstructed) view from the very back of the lower deck.

Wrigley Field exterior SW, sign

Wrigley Field:
Chronology of diagram updates


NOTE: The diagram thumbnails have been continually replaced since 2008, so the images seen in the older blog posts do not reflect how the full-size diagrams looked at that time. Roll your mouse over the adjacent thumbnail to see a pre-2008 version.

Wrigley Field
12 May 2005 15 Mar 2008 29 Nov 2008 18 Aug 2012 27 Oct 2015

Vox populi: Fans' impressions

Have you been to this stadium? If so, feel free to share your impressions of it with other fans! (Registration is required.) Also, I welcome submissions of original stadium photos that fans have taken, and will make sure they get properly credited. Just send me an e-mail message via the Contact page.

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