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Presidential
chronology


South American presidents

NOTE: Political leanings of each president are based on party affiliation and judgment as to policy direction. They are preliminary in some cases, and should not be considered definitive. See the color key at the bottom of the table. For each year, the person holding the office as of June 1 is shown. Normal month/day of inauguration is shown below each country name. Click on the flags to go to the respective countries' background information pages.

Year Argentina flag
Argentina

5
(May)
Bolivia flag
Bolivia

4
(Aug. 6)
Brazil flag
Brazil

4
(Jan.)
Chile flag
Chile

(4)
(Jan.)
Colombia flag
Colombia

5
(July)
Ecuador flag
Ecuador

4
()
Paraguay flag
Paraguay

5
(Aug. 15)
Peru flag
Peru

5
(July 28)
Uruguay flag
Uruguay

5
(Mar.)
Venezuela flag
Venezuela

5
(!?)
1980 Videla Garcia Meza Figuereido Pinochet Turbay Roldos Stroessner Morales Bermudez || Belaunde Alvarez Herrera
1981 Videla, Viola Garcia Meza,
3 others
Figuereido Pinochet Turbay Hurtado Stroessner Belaunde Alvarez Herrera
1982 Viola, Galtieri, Bignone 2 others || Siles Figuereido Pinochet Betancur Hurtado Stroessner Belaunde Alvarez Herrera
1983 Bignone ||
Alfonsin
Siles Figuereido Pinochet Betancur Hurtado Stroessner Belaunde Alvarez Herrera
1984 Alfonsin Siles Figuereido Pinochet Betancur Febres Cordero Stroessner Belaunde Alvarez Lusinchi
1985 Alfonsin Siles / Paz Estenssoro Figuereido ||
Sarney
Pinochet Betancur Febres Cordero Stroessner Belaunde /
Garcia
Sanguinetti Lusinchi
1986 Alfonsin Paz Estenssoro Sarney Pinochet Barco Febres Cordero Stroessner Garcia Sanguinetti Lusinchi
1987 Alfonsin Paz Estenssoro Sarney Pinochet Barco Febres Cordero Stroessner Garcia Sanguinetti Lusinchi
1988 Alfonsin Paz Estenssoro Sarney Pinochet Barco Borja Stroessner Garcia Sanguinetti Lusinchi
1989 Alfonsin /
Menem
Paz Estenssoro / Paz Zamora Sarney Pinochet Barco Borja Rodriguez Garcia Sanguinetti Perez
1990 Menem Paz Zamora Sarney /
Collor de Mello
Pinochet || Aylwin Gaviria Borja Rodriguez Garcia /
Fujimori
Lacalle Perez
1991 Menem Paz Zamora Collor de Mello Aylwin Gaviria Borja Rodriguez Fujimori Lacalle Perez
1992 Menem Paz Zamora Collor de Mello \\
Franco
Aylwin Gaviria Duran Ballen Rodriguez Fujimori Lacalle Perez
1993 Menem Paz Zamora / Sanch. de Loz. Franco Aylwin Gaviria Duran Ballen Wasmosy Fujimori Lacalle Perez
1994 Menem Sanchez de Lozada Franco Aylwin / Frei Samper Duran Ballen Wasmosy Fujimori Lacalle Caldera
1995 Menem Sanchez de Lozada / Cardoso Frei Samper Duran Ballen Wasmosy Fujimori / Sanguinetti Caldera
1996 Menem Sanchez de Lozada Cardoso Frei Samper Bucaram Wasmosy Fujimori Sanguinetti Caldera
1997 Menem Sanchez de Lozada / Banzer Cardoso Frei Samper Mahuad Wasmosy Fujimori Sanguinetti Caldera
1998 Menem Banzer Cardoso Frei Pastrana Mahuad Cubas Fujimori Sanguinetti Caldera
1999 Menem /
de la Rua
Banzer Cardoso Frei Pastrana Mahuad Gonzalez Macchi Fujimori Sanguinetti Caldera /
Chavez (Feb.)
2000 de la Rua Banzer Cardoso Frei / Lagos Pastrana © Noboa Gonzalez Macchi Fujimori / \\ Paniagua Batlle Chavez
2001 de la Rua
\\ Saa
Banzer \
Quiroga
Cardoso Lagos Pastrana Noboa Gonzalez Macchi Paniagua /
Toledo
Batlle Chavez
2002 \\ Duhalde Quiroga / Sanchez de Losada Cardoso Lagos Pastrana / Uribe Noboa Gonzalez Macchi Toledo Batlle Chavez
2003 Duhalde
/ Kirchner
Sanchez de Losada / da Silva Lagos Uribe Gutierrez Gonzalez Macchi Toledo Batlle Chavez
2004 Kirchner Mesa da Silva Lagos Uribe Gutierrez Duarte Toledo Batlle Chavez
2005 Kirchner Rodriguez da Silva Lagos Uribe Palacio Duarte Toledo Vazquez Chavez
2006 Kirchner Morales da Silva Lagos / Bachelet Uribe / Palacio Duarte Toledo /
Garcia (July)
Vazquez Chavez
2007 Kirchner /
Fern. K. (Dec.)
Morales / da Silva Bachelet Uribe Correa Duarte Garcia Vazquez Chavez
2008 Fernandez K. Morales da Silva Bachelet Uribe Correa Duarte Garcia Vazquez Chavez
2009 Fernandez K. Morales da Silva Bachelet Uribe Correa Lugo Garcia Vazquez Chavez
2010 Fernandez K. Morales da Silva Bachelet / Piñera Uribe / Santos Correa Lugo Garcia Vazquez /
Mujica
Chavez
2011 Fernandez K. Morales / Rousseff Piñera Santos Correa Lugo Garcia /
Humala
Mujica Chavez
2012 Fernandez K. Morales Rousseff Piñera Santos Correa Lugo /
Franco Gomez
Humala Mujica Chavez
2013 Fernandez K. Morales Rousseff Piñera Santos Correa Franco Gomez /
H. Cartes
Humala Mujica Chavez /
Maduro
2014 Fernandez K. Morales Rousseff Piñera / Bachelet Santos / Correa H. Cartes Humala Mujica Maduro
2015 Fernandez /
Macri
Morales / Rousseff Bachelet Santos Correa H. Cartes Humala Mujica /
Vazquez
Maduro
2016 Macri Morales Rousseff Bachelet Santos Correa H. Cartes Humala /
Kuczynski
Vazquez Maduro
Year Argentina Bolivia Brazil Chile Colombia Ecuador Paraguay Peru Uruguay Venezuela
KEY military left wing moderate left centrist / undefined moderate right right wing # : coup,
revolution
/ : normal democ.
succession
|| : transition
to democracy
\\ : impeachment,
etc.

Central American presidents

NOTE: Political leanings of each president are based on party affiliation and judgment as to policy direction. They are preliminary in some cases, and should not be considered definitive. See the color key at the bottom of the table. For each year, the person holding the office as of June 1 is shown. Normal month/day of inauguration is shown below each country name. Click on the flags to go to the respective countries' background information pages.

Year Costa Rica flag
Costa Rica

4
(May)
Cuba flag
Cuba

??
(!)
Dominican Rep. flag
Dominican Rep.

5?
(Aug.)
El Salvador flag
El Salvador

5
(June)
Guatemala flag
Guatemala

4
(Jan.)
Haiti flag
Haiti

4
()
Honduras flag
Honduras

4
(Jan.)
Mexico flag
Mexico

6
(Dec.)
Nicaragua flag
Nicaragua

5
(Jan.)
Panama flag
Panama

5
(Sept.)
1980 Carazo Castro Guzman Duarte Lucas Garcia Duvalier, J-C Paz Garcia Lopez Portillo Ortega Torrijos, O
1981 Carazo Castro Guzman Duarte Lucas Garcia Duvalier, J-C Paz Garcia Lopez Portillo Ortega Torrijos, O
1982 Monge Castro Blanco Magaña © Rios Montt Duvalier, J-C Suazo Cordova de la Madrid Ortega Torrijos, O
1983 Monge Castro Blanco Magaña © Mejia Victores Duvalier, J-C Suazo Cordova de la Madrid Ortega Torrijos, O
1984 Monge Castro Blanco Duarte Mejia Victores Duvalier, J-C Suazo Cordova de la Madrid Ortega Noriega
1985 Monge Castro Blanco Duarte Mejia Victores Duvalier, J-C Suazo Cordova de la Madrid Ortega Noriega
1986 Arias Castro Balaguer Duarte Cerezo Namphy Azcona de la Madrid Ortega Noriega
1987 Arias Castro Balaguer Duarte Cerezo Namphy Azcona de la Madrid Ortega Noriega
1988 Arias Castro Balaguer Cristiani Cerezo Avril Azcona Salinas Ortega Noriega
1989 Arias Castro Balaguer Cristiani Cerezo Avril Azcona Salinas Ortega Noriega
1990 Calderon Castro Balaguer Cristiani Cerezo Avril Callejas Salinas Chamorro Endara
1991 Calderon Castro Balaguer Cristiani Serrano Aristide Callejas Salinas Chamorro Endara
1992 Calderon Castro Balaguer Cristiani Serrano © Cedras Callejas Salinas Chamorro Endara
1993 Calderon Castro Balaguer Cristiani Serrano Cedras Callejas Salinas Chamorro Endara
1994 Figueres Castro Balaguer Calderon Sol De Leon Carpio Cedras Reina Zedillo Chamorro Endara
1995 Figueres Castro Balaguer Calderon Sol De Leon Carpio Aristide Reina Zedillo Chamorro Endara
1996 Figueres Castro Balaguer Calderon Sol Arzu Preval Reina Zedillo Aleman Endara
1997 Figueres Castro Balaguer Calderon Sol Arzu Preval Reina Zedillo Aleman Endara
1998 Rodriguez Castro Fernandez Calderon Sol Arzu Preval C. Flores Zedillo Aleman Endara
1999 Rodriguez Castro Fernandez Flores Arzu Preval C. Flores Zedillo Aleman Endara
2000 Rodriguez Castro Fernandez Flores Portillo Preval C. Flores Fox Aleman Moscoso
2001 Rodriguez Castro Mejia Flores Portillo Aristide C. Flores Fox Aleman Moscoso
2002 Pacheco Castro Mejia Flores Portillo Aristide Maduro Fox Bolaños Moscoso
2003 Pacheco Castro Mejia Flores Portillo Aristide Maduro Fox Bolaños Moscoso
2004 Pacheco Castro Mejia /
Fernandez
Saca Berger ® Alexandre Maduro Fox Bolaños Moscoso
2005 Pacheco Castro Fernandez Saca Berger Alexandre Maduro Fox Bolaños Torrijos, M.
2006 Arias Castro Fernandez Saca Berger Preval Zelaya Fox /
Calderon (Dec.)
Bolaños Torrijos, M.
2007 Arias Castro Fernandez Saca Berger Preval Zelaya Calderon Ortega Torrijos, M.
2008 Arias Raul Castro Fernandez / Saca Colom Preval Zelaya Calderon Ortega Torrijos, M.
2009 Arias Raul Castro Fernandez Funes Colom Preval Zelaya # / Calderon Ortega Torrijos, M. /
Martinelli
2010 Arias / Chinchilla Raul Castro Fernandez Funes Colom Preval Lobo Calderon Ortega Martinelli
2011 Chinchilla Raul Castro Fernandez Funes Colom Martelly Lobo Calderon Ortega Martinelli
2012 Chinchilla Raul Castro Fernandez /
Medina
Funes Perez Molina Martelly Lobo Calderon /
Peña Nieto (Dec.)
Ortega Martinelli
2013 Chinchilla Raul Castro Medina Funes Perez Molina Martelly Lobo Peña Nieto Ortega Martinelli
2014 Chinchilla /
Solis
Raul Castro Medina Funes /
Sanchez Ceren
Perez Molina Martelly / Hernandez Peña Nieto Ortega Martinelli /
Varela
2015 Solis Raul Castro Medina Sanchez Ceren Perez Molina /# Aguirre Martelly Hernandez Peña Nieto Ortega Varela
2016 Solis Raul Castro Medina / Sanchez Ceren Aguirre Martelly / /
Privert
Hernandez Peña Nieto Ortega Varela
Year Costa Rica Cuba Dominican Rep. El Salvador Guatemala Haiti Honduras Mexico Nicaragua Panama
KEY military left wing moderate left centrist / undefined moderate right right wing # : coup,
revolution
/ : normal democ.
succession
|| : transition
to democracy
\\ : impeachment,
etc.

SOURCES: Wiarda and Kline (2000); Skidmore and Smith (1997); Mainwaring and Scully (1995); World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2012