Clem's Baseball home

Just the facts...
Stadium Statistics
Years in service, capacity,
dimensions, and more



Stadium
(see notes)
Team(s) MLB lifetime (years thru 2014) Hiatus / Limbo (years) Seating capacity
(at peak)
Seating rows
(typical)
Overhang / shade % (approx.) Territory
(1,000 sq. ft.)
Fence height  CF
Orien-
tation
Back-stop Outfield dimensions **
1st deck Mez. / 2nd deck Up- per deck Lower deck Upper deck Fair Foul LF CF RF Left
field
Left-center Center field Right-center Right field
Baker Bowl * Philadelphia Phillies 44 12 18,800 - - - 70% 100% - - - - - ENE * 62? 342 382 408 300 281
Forbes Field Pittsburgh Pirates 62 0 35,000* 55% 95% E * 75 365 (392) (435) (395) 300
Shibe Park * Phil. Athletics & Phillies 61 6 33,000* 75% 100% ENE 64 334 (360) 447 (355) 331
Sportsman's Park * St. L. Browns & Cardinals 57 0 30,000* 70% 95% ENE 67 351 379 420 (335) 310
League Park * Cleveland Indians 37 5 22,000 75% 100% SE * 60 375 415 (420) (315) 290
Comiskey Park * Chicago White Sox 80.5 0 46,500* 65% 98% NE 86 352 382 415 382 352
Polo Grounds N.Y. Giants, (Yanks & Mets) 48.5 4 56,000* 80% 95% ESE 65 [279] (458) 483 (442) [258]
Griffith Stadium * Washington Senators 51 4 29,000* 80% 95% ESE * 61 405 391 421 (390) 320
Crosley Field * Cincinnati Reds 58.5 2 29,603 40 - 15 40%* 100% 106.7 31.3 18 23 10 ENE * 78 328 378 (384) 360 366
Tiger Stadium * * Detroit Tigers 88 10 52,000* 85% 80% NNE 66 340 (358) (425) (358) 325
Fenway Park Boston Red Sox (& Braves) 103+ 0 37,499 N 45* 4* 10* 40% 60% 104.8 18.1 37 18 5 NE 54 310 (335) (390) (378) 302
Ebbets Field Brooklyn Dodgers 45 3 32,000* 60% 100% NE 71 348 351 384 344 297
Wrigley Field * Chicago Cubs (& Whales) 101+ 0 41,019 56 2 21 55% 100% 105.6 18.6 16 11 16 NE * 55 355 (352) (395) 368 353
Braves Field * Boston Braves * 38 0 44,500 57 2 - 85% - 101.9 33.9 25 25 10 ENE * 60 337 355 390 (355) 318
Yankee Stadium New York Yankees % 86 3, 1 70,000* 40 19 23 65% 100% 118.3 21.0 4 14 4 E 80 301 (440) (450) (380) 296
Cleveland Stadium * Cleveland Indians 62 2* 74,000 50 2 38 75% 100% 111.5 39.5 6 6 6 E 60 320 380 410 380 320
Milw. County Stadium Milw. Braves & Brewers * 48 2* 53,192* 50 2 28 65% 80% 110.6 29.5 10 10 10 SE 60 315 377 402 377 315
Memorial Stadium Baltimore Orioles 38 0 54,706 # 46 7 33 60% 0% 107.4 29.7 14 7 14 N 58 309 376 405 376 309
Municipal Stadium * K.C. Athletics & Royals 17 4 35,561 # 45 1 38 85% 75% 117.4 35.1 13* 22* 12* NE 70 369 409 421 382 338
Memorial Coliseum Los Angeles Dodgers 4 0 93,000 79 - - 0% - 99.1 33.5 42 6 4 ENE 66 251 320 420 380 300
Seals Stadium San Franciso Giants 2 0 22,900 0% - SSE 55 365 375 410 360 335
Candlestick Park * San Franciso Giants 40 0 62,000* 44 2 29 40% 25% 105.3 34.1 9 9 9 N 66 335 365 410 365 328
Wrigley Field (L.A.) Los Angeles Angels 1 4 20,457 70% 100% NNE 56 340 345 412 345 339
Metropolitan Stadium Minnesota Twins 22 0 45,919 #* 45% 0% SE 60 343 (360) 425 373 330
Dodger Stadium L.A. Dodgers (& Angels) 53+ 0 56,000 24+16 20 (29) 20% (35%) 109.8 21.2 4 8 4 NNE 53 330 375 395 375 330
Colt Stadium Houston Colt 45s 3 6 33,010 48 - - 0% - 121.4 31.7 8 30 8 NE 60 360 395 420 395 360
RFK Stadium * Wash. Senators & Nationals 13 33 45,000 45 2 (23) (50%) (70%) 116.0 29.7 7 7 7 E 55 335 (388) 410 (388) 335
Shea Stadium N.Y. Mets (& Yankees) 45 0 57,405 55 20 28 15% 30% 110.4 21.9 8 8 8 ENE 48 338 371 410 371 338
Astrodome Houston Astros 35 15+ 54,816* (52) 7 18 15% 100% 109.0 26.9 10 10 10 E 67 325 375 400 375 325
Angel Stad. of Anaheim * L.A./Cal./Anaheim Angels 49+ 0 -45,483- 33 12 24 35% 45% 105.9 21.5 5 8 18,5 NE 59 330 387 404 370 330
Atlanta-Fulton Co. Stad. * Atlanta Braves 32 0 52,870 36 3 23 5% 90% 110.1 35.9 8 8 8 ENE 50 330 385 402 385 330
Busch Stadium II St. Louis Cardinals 39.5 0 54,727 & 50 2 23 30% 70% 111.2 25.1 8 8 8 SSE (52) 330 372 402 372 330
Oakland Coliseum * * Oakland Athletics 47+ 0 (48,219) & 35 16 16 20% 0% 107.9 40.7 8 8 8 NE 53 330 362 400 362 330
Jarry Park Montreal Expos 8 19 28,456 # 50 - - 0% - 111.2 25.3 5 5 5 NNW 62 340 368 420 368 340
Sick's Stadium Seattle Pilots 1 10 28,500 38 - - 90% - 99.4 19.9 8 13 8 SE 54 305 345 402 345 320
Jack Murphy Stadium * * San Diego Padres 35 0 67,544 & (37) 15 17 15% 0% 106.1 31.9 8 8 18 N 55 327 370 405 368 330
Riverfront Stadium * Cincinnati Reds 32.5 0 52,952 46 5 28 10% 65% 109.6 22.5 8 8 8 E 51 330 375 404 375 330
Three Rivers Stadium Pittsburgh Pirates 30.5 0 58,727 & (50) 8 28 15% 50% 111.0 29.3 10 10 10 SE 60 335 375 400 375 335
Veterans Stadium Philadelphia Phillies 33 0 62,000 44 2 37 27% 25% 108.2 27.8 12 12 12 ENE 60 330 371 408 371 330
Arlington Stadium Texas Rangers 22 0 43,500 #* (50) 2 28 2% 0% 110.7 24.9 11 11 11 SE 60 330 380 400 380 330
Kauffman Stadium * Kansas City Royals 42+ 0 -37,903- 38 6 (40) 25% (40%) 117.8 22.9 9 9 9 NE 45 330 385 (410) 385 330
Olympic Stadium Montreal Expos 28 10+ 60,476 & 25% 100% NNE 53 325 375 404 375 325
Kingdome Seattle Mariners 23 0 60,000 38 10 (30) 35% 100% 103.4 28.0 12 12 23 NE 53 331 (355) 405 (340) 312
Exhibition Stadium Toronto Blue Jays 12.5 10 44,000 # 0% - NNW 60 330 375 400 375 330
H.H.H. Metrodome Minnesota Twins 29 0 (56,144) & 36 2 33 0% 100% 106.7 34.3 7 7 23 ENE 60 343 (370) 408 (352) 327
Rogers Centre * Toronto Blue Jays 25.5+ 0 49,282 (30) 12 (24) 5% 100% 108.7 29.0 8 8 8 NNW 54 328 375 400 375 328
U.S. Cellular Field * Chicago White Sox * 24+ 0 -40,615- 38 4 21* 15% 70%* 104.5 25.0 8 8 8 ESE 60 335 (365) 400 (365) 330
Camden Yards Baltimore Orioles 23+ 0 -45,971- 42 9 25 25% 45% 107.4 23.6 7 7 21 NNE * 54 333 364 (400) 373 318
Sun Life Stadium * * Florida Marlins 19 0 (43,909) & 40 2 30 25% 0% 108.1 24.0 33 8 8 SE 45 330 360 (394) (373) 345
Mile High Stadium * Colorado Rockies 2 0 76,037 38 35 16 30% 0% 116.8 37.2 10 10 10 SE 65 335 366 423 400 370
Progressive Field * Cleveland Indians 21+ 0 42,241 32 (18) 27 20% 55% ^ 104.7 21.9 19 9 9 N 60 325 (360) 405 375 325
Globe Life Park * * Texas Rangers 21+ 0 48,114 40 12 23 30% 40% 111.9 19.5 14 8 8 SE 52 332 (380) 400 381 325
Coors Field Colorado Rockies 20+ 0 50,398 38 14 25 20% 35% 118.5 24.9 8 8 14 N 50 347 390 415 375 350
Turner Field * Atlanta Braves 19+ 0 49,586 40 10 27 25% 45% 111.4 23.1 8 8 8 NNE 43 335 380 400 390 330
Tropicana Field * Tampa Bay Rays 17+ 0 * (45,200) & 38 8 (28) 25% 100% 108.1 27.5 11 9 11 NE 50 315 370 404 370 322
Chase Field * Arizona Diamondbacks 17+ 0 48,633 39 11 (40) (30%) (75%) 114.1 25.5 8 25 8 N 55 330 376 407 376 335
Safeco Field Seattle Mariners 15.5+ 0 47,476 42 12 26 30% (55%) 105.3 24.3 15 7 7 NE 56 331 (367) 401 (367) 326
AT&T Park * * San Franciso Giants 15+ 0 41,915 36 12 25 20% 30% 110.1 25.5 8 8 25 ESE 54 339 (365) 399 (385) 309
Minute Maid Park * Houston Astros 15+ 0 42,060 38 11 26 30% 100% 106.1 21.0 21 9 7 ENE 49 315 (335) 436 373 326
Comerica Park Detroit Tigers 15+ 0 41,255 40 3 25 20% 30% 114.6 26.4 7 9 9 SSE 55 345 370 420 (388) 330
Miller Park Milwaukee Brewers 13+ 0 41,900 27 21,7 (20) 30% 93% 110.3 21.1 8 8 8 SE 56 344 370 400 374 345
PNC Park Pittsburgh Pirates 14+ 0 38,362 44 2 31 30% 30% 110.4 22.1 6 10 21 ESE 51 325 (388) 399 (365) 320
Great American Ballpark Cincinnati Reds 12+ 0 42,319 38 14 28 30% 30% ^ 106.1 23.6 12 8 8 ESE 50 328 (368) 404 370 325
Citizens Bank Park Philadelphia Phillies 11+ 0 43,651 35 9 24 15% 35% 104.2 24.5 11 6 13 NNE 50 329 (360) 401 (355) 330
PETCO Park San Diego Padres 11+ 0 42,524 38 15 27 40% 30% ^ 110.1 23.9 4 7 10 N 45 334 (380) 396 (372) 322
Busch Stadium III St. Louis Cardinals 9+ 0 43,975 + (36) 13 20 (20%) 60% 111.3 24.3 8 8 8 NE 52 336 375 400 375 335
Nationals Park Washington Nationals 7+ 0 41,418 41 11 22 10% 55% 108.3 23.3 10 12 9 NNE 45 336 377 402 (370) 335
Yankee Stadium II New York Yankees 6+ 0 50,291 28 23 7+14 20% 55% 108.8 19.7 8 8 8 ENE 52 318 (382) 408 (360) 314
Citi Field New York Mets 6+ 0 41,922 38 12 23 20% 30% 109.8 20.7 8 8 8 NNE 46 335 (362) 408 375 330
Target Field Minnesota Twins 5+ 0 39,021 40 13 21 35% 75% 107.9 22.6 8 8 23 E 48 339 377 404 367 328
Marlins Park Miami Marlins 3+ 0 37,442 40 10 (22) 25% 100% 115.5 21.0 10 (15) 10 ESE 50 344 386 418 392 335

EXPLANATORY NOTES:

* Name changed.
NOTE: All stadiums built after the 1920s were publicly owned, except as indicated by italics.
* Used briefly by other MLB teams. Major capacity changes over the years: (Parentheses): variable grandstand profile; data show the "typical" number of rows. For retractable-roof stadiums, overhang percentages are based on when the roof is open.
Underline: "Split" upper deck, or variable fence height.
* : Changed over the years.
^ : bare frame roof extension.
* Diamond was slightly rotated at some point. ** Distances in parentheses (###): Estimates, in cases where marked dimensions are inaccurate, off-center, or not marked.
Dome or retractable roof.
By definition, the upper-deck overhang / shade equals 100%.
. #   Major expansion prior to MLB use.
*   Major expansion during MLB use;
-   Major reduction during MLB use.
&   Major portions later closed during MLB use.
+   Not including standing room only.
Multiple symbols denote multiple changes.

General explanation

Stadiums are listed in chronological order, according to when they were first used in the major leagues, not necessarily when they were built. There is only one line of data per stadium, even for stadiums that went through two or more distinct "phases." Data generally pertain to the longest phase for each stadium, e.g, the 1937-1973 era for Yankee Stadium. NOTE: The first four columns of data formerly shown on this page (years of construction, demolition, etc.) now appear on the new Stadium milestones page.

MLB lifetime is the number of years the stadium was used by a Major League Baseball team, up to and including 2012. "Hiatus" means a period during which no major league team resided there. "Limbo" means a period after a major league team permanently left, and no football team resided there either.

Capacity figures are broadly representative of the stadium's entire period of use; they are often rounded to the nearest thousand, reflecting the fact that the number of seats fluctuated from year to year.

New Seating rows refer to a "typical" portion of the grandstand in the vicinity of the infield. ALL data in these columns are subject to revision.

Overhang / shade is an estimate of how much the upper deck and lower deck were covered by a roof or higher-level deck. For domed stadiums (including those with retractable roofs), the upper deck is automatically considered to be 100% covered, while the lower deck is treated as normal, i.e., only the portion covered by higher-level deck is counted as "in the shade." For purposes of making overhang estimates, only the main portion of the grandstand situated relatively close to the infield is counted.

New Fair & foul territory, measured in 1,000 square feet, rounded to the nearest 100 feet, are estimates based on the diagrams. ALL data in these columns are subject to revision.

Orientation indicates the compass direction from home plate to center field. The third paragraph of the Official Baseball Rules says, "It is desirable that the line from home base through the pitchers plate to second base shall run East-Northeast." Indeed, that is the most common orientation, so as to keep the sun's glare out of the batter's field of vision. No MLB stadiums are oriented toward any direction between south-southeast (150 degrees) and northwest (315 degrees).

Backstop is simply the distance from home plate to the fence in the rear.

Fence height is shown for left field, center field, and right field. In cases where the fence height varied in one of those segments of the outfield fence/wall, I use the height pertaining to whichever segment was longer.

Outfield dimensions likewise fluctuated over the years for some stadiums. Figures above are generally the current dimensions (for ballparks still in use) or else represent the stadium's "typical" dimensions over the course of its lifetime. (The main exception is Yankee Stadium, in which case the "classic era" dimensions are used.) The figures are the actual distances to the outfield fences, not necessarily the same as the marked distances. Some figures in parentheses diverge from the official dimensions, based on my own estimates or the estimates of experts, as published in Lowry's Green Cathedrals. There are various reasons for such discrepancies, such as markers being placed at non-standard outfield locations. Discrepancies are explained on the respective stadium pages. If the discrepancy was less than feet or so, the official dimensions are used. NOTE: The power alleys are defined on this Web site as the angular midpoint between the foul lines and center field. Some other sources use a line drawn through the linear midpoint between second base and first or third base, which yields higher measurements. Standard reference locations are as follows, with the "normalized" compass directions:

For more information, see the Outfield trigonometry page.


Sources:

Lowry (2006), Ritter (1992), ESPN Sports Almanac


Valid HTML 4.01 Transitional

Copyright © Andrew G. Clem. All rights reserved. Use of this site indicates your agreement to the Terms of Use.